Top 10 Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2023

Top 10 Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2023

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Android is a popular operating system which holds great value among businesses today; and because of this, a great platform for enterprises and developers to generate more revenue. If you’re looking to build Android apps for your business, you’ve probably heard of a few programming languages. But which ones are the best? In this blog, we’ll go over the top programming languages for Android app development in 2023. We’ll start by looking at what makes each language unique and why it’s perfect for your Android app development project.

Android apps provide a great return on investment for businesses as they are easy to build and have a greater market reach. Businesses are now relying on mobile applications to solve customers’ everyday problems. The importance of choosing the right programming language for your Android app development lies in your strategy to build innovative apps easily and go to market and scale and speed.

Which programming language is used for android application development in 2023?

Here’s the list of the most widely used programming languages for Android app development:

top programming languages for android app development

#1. Java

Java is the first official programming language used by businesses and developers to build mobile applications on Android. Also, the Android platform consists of APIs and Java libraries for you to write code or make use of them to build top-notch apps. 

Although it is quite complex to understand this programming language, it provides robust features such as server-side programming and advanced program security to assist you in developing innovative Android apps, server apps, cross-platform apps, and so on. The reason why you should prefer the Java programming language for your Android app development project is that it’s highly flexible, portable, reusable, and versatile.

#2. Python

Python is the most popular open-source programming language among businesses to build best-in-class Android apps for smartphones and tablets. Python is well known for its simplicity and versatility. It can also be used to develop other applications, such as web development, desktop apps, and server-side scripting. Today, many Android app development companies prefer Python for developing mobile apps. 

It offers a wide range of libraries and frameworks that allow you to use any feature of the platform in your app. The libraries available for creating Android apps using Python make it easier for you to create apps without having to worry about the underlying operating system or framework being used on the device because your Android application will run on top of the tech ecosystem. 

#3. Kotlin

Kotlin is a programming language that has been gaining popularity in the past few years. It’s a modern, clean, and safe alternative to Java. It’s focused on making it easier for businesses and developers to write code more concisely and readable while also giving you the power to use Java libraries.  

It is one of the best programming languages used by top companies since it will help you minimize errors in the code, improve compiler performance, alter changes in the existing Android apps, etc. You can use Kotlin for Android app development to have access to extensions to the standard library, including collections like List and Set, which makes it easy to use other libraries written in Kotlin without needing to rewrite your code.

#4. C++

Many businesses and developers use C++ for Android App Development since it is one of the most widely used coding languages. It can be compiled down to machine code before running on the device. It is designed to be highly efficient, and it supports object-oriented and imperative programming styles. 

It has a large standard library and a number of third-party libraries, making it easy to develop applications with a high level of functionality. C++ is an object-oriented language, which means that it uses classes and objects to represent data. This makes it easy to create reusable code and write programs that are more efficient than their counterparts written in other languages. 

#5. C# 

C# is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It is used to develop computer software applications as well as Android apps for mobile devices. It supports multiple programming paradigms like imperative, declarative, and functional. It has been around for more than 20 years, and it has become the most popular choice for developing Android apps because of its cross-platform capabilities.

One of the most important things that makes C# an excellent choice for Android app development is that C# has access to the.NET framework. It provides a lot of tools and libraries to help you write code for Android apps, but it also includes classes and interfaces that can be used for debugging and testing.

#6. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most popular programming language for Android app development. It uses JavaScript to communicate with the Web and sometimes with other apps on the device. The language is known for its ease of use and its ability to interact with other languages. Its frameworks are well-suited for creating mobile applications that run on any Android platform.

The main advantages of using JavaScript for Android apps are that it can be used to detect device capabilities, improve performance, and has the ability to run on a wide range of devices and platforms. Instead of having to create two entirely different apps, you can create cross-platform mobile apps thanks to JavaScript.

#7. Corona

Corona is one of the best Android app development languages as it is designed to be quick and easy to use while being powerful enough to handle most Android application needs. It is based on Lua but has a new interpreter written in Java.

It’s lightweight and easy to use, so you don’t have to worry about memory management or performance issues. Corona allows you to write code for Android apps once and run them on multiple platforms without having to learn different languages. It supports multithreading, so your code will run faster when compared to other languages.

#8. TypeScript

Typescript is an open-source programming language developed by Microsoft. It is a modern version of JavaScript that can be used for both client-side and server-side applications. However, JavaScript has a number of constraints that make it very challenging to use it as a programming language for creating complicated mobile applications. If you’re looking for an advanced way to create apps for your business, then you should go for TypeScript.

#9. Dart

Dart is a programming language that is designed to run on the Android platform. It was created by Google and has been around for about 8 years now. It’s an open-source language, which means that anyone can use it and customize it to suit their needs for building Android apps.

The Dart programming language has many benefits for your business, including being strongly typed, having an emphasis on functional programming (FP), being very expressive, and the Dart Virtual Machine (VM) allows programs to run on multiple operating systems.

#10. Ruby

Ruby has been used to build applications for Android since its creation in 1996, and today it powers many of the most popular apps in the Play Store. It’s flexible, simple to learn, and open source, so you can modify it as you need to fit your Android application’s needs. Ruby is a powerful and expressive programming language that lets you develop Android apps quickly and easily.

How to pick the right programming language for your Android app development project?

Choosing the right programming language for your Android app development project is important. You’ll want to choose one that can support the features you need and one with which you can work efficiently. The best languages tend to be those that are fast-moving, well-designed, and easy to use. The Android development process is simple and has libraries that are easy to integrate into other programs and platforms, which means more flexibility in where you can deploy your Android app.

Also, you need to know these three things before you get started with mobile app development:

  • The type of app you’re building: Does it need to be simple and fast? Or do you want to make something that’s more complex and takes time to develop?
  • The number of people involved in the project: If there are many people who will be using your app, then they’ll need to have access to different versions of the same code, which means they’ll be more likely to run into problems if they’re not working in the same language as everyone else. On the other hand, if there are only a few people involved in the project, then everyone will be working on the same version of the code at all times, which makes it easier for them to work together on fixing bugs or adding new features.
  • The amount of time that needs to be spent on developing your Android app: If you need something built quickly, then it might not make sense to pick something that is too complicated or difficult to handle.  

Final Thoughts

Android app development has become a booming business around the world. With so many languages available, it can be difficult to choose which language is best for your project though. Now, you can make your decision with the above-compiled list of top programming languages for Android app development based on their popularity, availability, and what you need from this programming language. Way2Smile is a leading mobile app development company in Chennai that offers top-notch mobile app solutions built with the best programming languages, tools, and technologies at a low cost for governments, startups, and enterprises. If you are looking for mobile app development services, you might want to have a quick conversation with us.

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Written by

Madhu Kesavan is the Founder & CEO of Way2Smile Solutions, a globally recognized digital transformation company empowering enterprises and governments in their digital journey. With 20+ years in the IT market, he makes his vision for a sustainable future come true by leveraging technology.